Child development is a sequential stage of language, emotional, physical, and thought changes which happen in a child right from time of birth to adulthood stage. During this stage, a child develops from depending on a parent to being independent. The genetic factors and activities during the life of a parent greatly influence child development.
Child development covers huge scope of child’s life including development in cognition, speech and language, sensory awareness, social interactions and emotional control, and physical skills. Cognition is the tendency of learning and solving problems. Children experience problems when they are growing. To survive through this condition, they have to develop good cognition.
In the process of development, children also learn how to interact with others. When they disagree with each other, self-control should guide them by solving the problem among them. Interaction is an important process in child development. When a child lacks this factor, he or she has problem. This child will always fight with other children due to misunderstanding. During the development, a child needs to know how to communicate effectively since he or she will express feelings to their peers. Physical strength enables the child to play games such as football that need physical strength.
Why is child development essential?
It is necessary for a parent to observe and monitor the milestone of child development. This milestone depicts an effective guideline for child development. Checking the progress of a child’s development at a given age markers against the time frame ensures that the child is on the right track for their age. Otherwise, this checking on the development milestones can help to detect hiccup during development.
Detecting these hiccups earlier can help a parent control the challenges of the problems during development. These challenges can affect child’s confidence, or act as a detection of a future diagnosis. The nurses use the charts or checklist of developmental milestone to know what is normal at a given age range and also used to see a stage when a child might delay. Even though it is easy to predict the child development at some point, the development of other children is unique.
Challenges in Child Development Several factors can affect child development. These factors include; genetics, the presence of specific diagnosis or medical factors, parental circumstances, and lack of opportunity or exposure to vital stimuli. Genetics can affect the development of a child if the development affected the parents of the child. This factor can affect the rest of the children in the family. The assessment can clarify the issues on development and help to come up with a plan to overcome the problem. Since child development involves several skills that take place at the same time, one needs to consult different professionals. Overcoming these developments increase the ease and speed of child development. The child will be able to meet the standard of the peers based on confidence and frustrations that their parents can encounter. The therapists need to help these children overcome the problems since it will affect their development skills.
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